Cricket is a complex game. Each team
contains eleven players and these teams
take turns to bat and bowl. The batting side uses two players at either end of the
wicket. The bowling side uses one bowler whilst the remaining 10 players are
fielders. The object of the game is to score more runs than the opposition. A run is
awarded each time the batsman hits the ball and runs the 22 yards to the return
crease. His partner runs in the opposite direction to reach the batting crease. He
then faces the next delivery. This is known as a single.
There is no limit to the number
of runs that can be scored off each delivery,
however if the ball reaches the boundary the batsman is awarded four runs. If the
ball reaches the boundary without touching the ground he is awarded six runs. Most
players become proficient at either batting or bowling. There are some however,
who excel at both, they are known as allrounders.
The aim of the bowler is to dismiss
the batsman. There are several ways of
1.The ball hits one
of the three stumps that the batsman is trying to protect.
2.The ball hits the batsmanís legs on its way towards the stumps. The umpire
then has to decide if the batsmanís legs prevented the ball from striking the
stumps. If he felt they did, he will give the batsman out LBW (Leg Before
3.When hitting the ball the batsman is caught by one of the fielders.
4.The batsman can be stumped by the wicketkeeper. The wicketkeeper is a
fielder who stands behind the stumps. If the batsman leaves the crease whilst
playing a shot and misses the ball, the wicketkeeper can dismiss the batsman
by hitting the stumps with the ball.
5.Whilst attempting to score runís, the batsman can be run out. The fielding
side can throw the ball to either end of the crease, usually to the bowler or
wicketkeeper, or directly at the stumps. If the ball hits the stumps before the
batsman has reached the crease he is run out.
6.The batsman is also out if he hits the stumps with his bat or any part of his
If a batsman is out, the next player
comes in to replace him. The bowling side aim
to dismiss 10 of their opponents. If they achieve this then the batting team is all out.
The teams then change positions and the new batting team attempt to score more
runs than the opposition.
It often takes a long time to remove
all the opposition; therefore restrictions are
made to the time the batting team are allowed or the number of overs they receive.
An over is made up of six deliveries from the bowler. Once the over has been
completed a different bowler must be used and they will bowl from the opposite
end to their team-mate. This is known as limited overs cricket. The teams who
score the most runs in their allocation of overs are the winners.
Historically cricket was only played
in a handful of countries where it was
introduced by the empire building British. However, cricket is becoming
increasingly popular, particularly since the introduction of the cricket world cup.
The game is developing in countries from Belgium to China, usually following an
introduction from ex-patriots.