Bangalore - The city of "Baked Beans
Bangalore - The city of Kempegowda
Bangalore - The summer capital of the Mysore Maharajahs
Bangalore - The summer retreat of the Raj
Bangalore - The garden city of India
Bangalore - The science capital of India
Bangalore - The Silicon valley of India
Bangalore - The pub city of India
Bangalore - Some historical dates
Bangalore - Some facts


The city of "Baked Beans

Legend goes that King Veeraballa of Vijayanagara once lost his way in forest. Hungry and tired, he came upon a lone hut in the thick forest where he met an old woman.When he asked for food, she gave him baked beans ('Benda Kalu' in Kannada).The King found this humble meal taste better than the richest fare.To commemorate this incident, he called the place "Benda Kalu Ooru" (place of baked beans). Bangalore today is getting popular though for a different variety of Beans-JavaBeans.

The city of Kempegowda

Another historical figure instrumental in shaping the city of Bangalore is a feudal lord who called himself Kempe Gowda, and who served under the Vijayanagara Kings. Hunting seemed to be a favourite past time in those days. During one of his hunting bouts, Kempe Gowda was surprised to see a hare chase his dog. Either his dog was chicken hearted or the hare was lion hearted one does not know, but the episode surely made an impression on the feudal lord. He told himself this is a place surely for heroes and heroics, and he referred to Bangalore from then onwards as "gandu bhoomi" (heroic place). Kempe Gowda I, who was in charge of Yelahanka, built a mud fort in 1537. With the help of King Achutaraya, built the little towns of Balepet, Cottonpet, and Chickpet, all inside the fort. Today, these little areas serve as the major wholesale and commercial market places in the city. Kempegowda, the II built four watch towers to mark the boundary of Bangalore. A hundred years later, Vijaynagar empire fell, and in 1638, it was conquered by Mohammed Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur.

The summer capital of the Mysore Maharajahs

Pleased with the services of his trusted lieutenent Shahaji Bhonsale, (father of the great Maratha king Shivaji), Adil Shah gifted Bangalore to him. After 49 years of Maratha rule, the moghuls captured and passed it to the Wodeyars of Mysore for 3 lakh pagodas. In 1759, Bangalore came into the possession of Hyder Ali, father of Tippu Sultan. It was during these two heroes, Bangalore flourished with parks, gardens and palaces. When Tippu died, British restored Bangalore back to the Mysore rulers, the Wodeyars.

The summer retreat of the Raj

The bracing climate of the region, the high ground nippiness of its air and the sheer beauty of the landscape of the plateau country  never failed to fascinate the Britishers. Back then, B'lore was nice, pretty and people called it home away from home. The Britishers were not too sure of the Wodeyar's entrpreuner abilities. So they ruled Bangalore directly. The city's pleasant climate made it an ideal place to be in during the hot Indian summers. Under the British influence, Bangalore bloomed with modern facilities like the railways, telegraphs, postal and police departments. In 1881, the British returned the city to the Wodeyars. Diwans like Mirza Ismail, and Sir Vishweshwarayya were the pioneers to help Bangalore attain its modern outlook.

The garden city of India

Bangalore has one of the highest percentage of land covered by gardens IN INDIA. This gives it the title "The Garden City of India". The Lalbagh is one Indian oldest botanical gardens. It was built by Hyder Ali, the father of the very brave Tipu Sultan(see previous sections.)

The science capital of India

In 1909 Indian Institute of Science was established in Bangalore. With this started a very long association of science and research with Bangalore. The Indian Institute of Science is one of the premier research institutes in the world today. It was here that Sir. C.V. Raman founded his very famous 'Raman Effect', something that won him the Nobel Prize of physics. In the 1960's the Indian Government decided to set up many defence and space research institutes in Bangalore. Its climate and its distance from Pakistani jets were seen as a great advantage. A vast population of India's scientific man power was moved to Bangalore. Today, Bangalore is the head quarters of ISRO(Indian Space Research Organisation) and many other defence institutes that are responsible for India's formidable space and missile powress.

The Silicon valley of India

Ever since Texas Instruments, one of the leading chip company set up its development center in Bangalore in the late 80's, Bangalore has become the 'byte-basket' of India. It is home to some of the most high tech industries in India. Some of the major Computer Software companies in the world have chosen Bangalore to set up their offshore development centres. Bangalore has the highest number of registered computer companies in India. The many engineering colleges in Bangalore churn hundreds of computer engineers every year. The cosmopolitan culture and the pleasant climate(not any more) has easily been able to absorb talent from other parts of the country. Some of the major computer companies having development centres in Bangaore are:

  1. CyberCash(Bill's company)
  2. Sun Microsystems
  3. Verifone
  4. IBM Global sevices
  5. Philips Software Centre(where Sacheen works)
  6. Texas Instruments
  7. Digital(now COMPAQ)
  8. Rational Rose
  9. Lucent Technologies
  10. Honeywell
  11. Hewlett Packard

and many more

Some of the major Indian IT companies are from Bangalore. These are:

  1. Infosys( the number uno software company in India)
  2. Wipro
  3. BFL Software Ltd.

and many more.

The pub city of India

The late 80's and the early 90's saw Bangalore getting another title. It became the pub capital of India. With a very strong liquor lobby and cosmopolitan population, this was something expected. Today Bangalore has some of the highest number of liquor joints(which call themselves pubs) in India. They form an excellent place for the city's many Software Professionals and other people to catch up with friends and while away time.

Important Historical Dates

 Some facts about Bangalore